Ewa Hughes née Wroclawska
- MS in Bioorganic Chemistry. Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland (2001)
- MS in Biochemistry. University of Florida (2004)
My research experience ranges from organic chemistry to animal embryology and reproduction. At FfAME I am investigating a new family of membrane receptors called PAQRs with focus on the biological mechanism of signal transduction.
Improving efficiencies of locus-specific DNA methylation assessment for bovine in vitro produced embryos
Wroclawska, E; Brant, JO; Yang, TP; Moore, K
Syst. Biol. Reprod. Med.
56 96-105 (2010)
Investigating the roles of putative active site residues in the oxalate decarboxylase from Bacillus subtilis
Svedruzic, D; Liu, Y; Reinhardt, LA; Wroclawska, E; Cleland, WW; Richards, NGJ
Arch. Biochem. Biophys.
464 (1) 36-47 (2007)
Oxalate decarboxylase (OxDC) catalyzes the conversion of oxalate into CO2 and formate using a catalytic mechanism that remains poorly understood. The Bacillus subtilis enzyme is composed of two cupin domains, each of which contains Mn(II) coordinated by four conserved residues. We have measured heavy atom isotope effects for a series of Bacillus subtilis OxDC mutants in which Arg-92, Arg270, Glu-162, and Glu-333 are conservatively substituted in an effort to define the functional roles of these residues. This strategy has the advantage that observed isotope effects report directly on OxDC molecules in which the active site manganese center(s) is (are) catalytically active. Our results support the proposal that the N-terminal Mn-binding site can mediate catalysis, and confirm the importance of Arg-92 in catalytic activity. On the other hand, substitution of Arg-270 and Glu-333 affects both Mn(II) incorporation and the ability of Mn to bind to the OxDC mutants, thereby precluding any definitive assessment of whether the metal center in the C-terminal domain can also mediate catalysis. New evidence for the importance of Glu-162 in controlling metal reactivity has been provided by the unexpected observation that the E162Q OxDC mutant exhibits a significantly increased oxalate oxidase and a concomitant reduction in decarboxylase activities relative to wild type OxDC. Hence the reaction specificity of a catalytically active Mn center in OxDC can be perturbed by relatively small changes in local protein environment, in agreement with a proposal based on prior computational studies. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Sequence-indexed mutations in maize using the UniformMu transposon-tagging population
Settles, AM; Holding, DR; Tan, BC; Latshaw, SP; Liu, J; Suzuki, M; Li, L; O'Brien, BA; Fajardo, DS; Wroclawska, E; Tseung, CW; Lai, JS; Hunter, CT; Avigne, WT; Baier, J; Messing, J; Hannah, LC; Koch, KE; Becraft, PW; Larkins, BA; McCarty, DR
8 (1) 116-144 (2007)
Background: Gene knockouts are a critical resource for functional genomics. In Arabidopsis, comprehensive knockout collections were generated by amplifying and sequencing genomic DNA flanking insertion mutants. These Flanking Sequence Tags (FSTs) map each mutant to a specific locus within the genome. In maize, FSTs have been generated using DNA transposons. Transposable elements can generate unstable insertions that are difficult to analyze for simple knockout phenotypes. Transposons can also generate somatic insertions that fail to segregate in subsequent generations. Results: Transposon insertion sites from 106 UniformMu FSTs were tested for inheritance by locus-specific PCR. We confirmed 89% of the FSTs to be germinal transposon insertions. We found no evidence for somatic insertions within the 11% of insertion sites that were not confirmed. Instead, this subset of insertion sites had errors in locus- specific primer design due to incomplete or low-quality genomic sequences. The locus-specific PCR assays identified a knockout of a 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase gene that co-segregates with a seed mutant phenotype. The mutant phenotype linked to this knockout generates novel hypotheses about the role for the plastid-localized oxidative pentose phosphate pathway during grain-fill. Conclusion: We show that FSTs from the UniformMu population identify stable, germinal insertion sites in maize. Moreover, we show that these sequence-indexed mutations can be readily used for reverse genetic analysis. We conclude from these data that the current collection of 1,882 non-redundant insertion sites from UniformMu provide a genome-wide resource for reverse genetics.
In vitro production of bovine embryos in medium supplemented with a serum replacer: Effects on blastocyst development, cryotolerance and survival to term
Moore, K; Rodriguez-Sallaberry, CJ; Kramer, JM; Johnson, S; Wroclawska, E; Goicoa, S; Niasari-Nasalaji, A
68 (9) 1316-1325 (2007)
In this study, we evaluated a serum replacer (SR; Knockout SO (R), Invitrogen) in our in vitro culture systems. We hypothesized that SR would benefit bovine embryo development, since SR supported survival of embryonic stem cells (which originate from embryos). Experiment I compared oocyte maturation with SR versus fetal bovine serum (FBS). Following fertilization, blastocyst development was lower for oocytes matured with SR (21.5 versus 34.1, P < 0.05). Experiment 2 evaluated SR for culturing embryos. Following fertilization, embryos were cultured for 3 days in KSOM, and then assigned to treatments: (1) KSOM static culture (KNM); (2) fresh KSOM (KD3); (3) KSOM + SR or (4) KSOM + FBS and cultured to Day 7 (fertilization = Day 0) Blastocyst development in FBS or SR was higher than either KNM or KD3 (48.2, 47.2, 32.7, and 35.5, respectively, P < 0.05) Experiment 3 evaluated cryosurvival of embryos cultured in the same manner as Experiment 2. On Day 7, embryos were vitrified and upon warming, embryos cultured in SR had greater 24 h survival rates (70.6%) than all other treatments (P < 0.05). Finally, Experiment 4 evaluated effects of SR on pregnancy rate and development to term. Culture in SR was not detrimental to pregnancy or calving rates (50 and 50%, respectively), and SR calves had normal birth weights (mean = 38.8 kg +/- 1.5). In conclusion, the use of SR for maturation of oocytes was not beneficial; however, SR enhanced embryo culture by improving development in vitro, cryotolerance and survival, effectively replacing serum in culture. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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